Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression is a mental or psychological health condition that causes extreme mood swings which may include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).
When you become depressed, you may feel sad, hopeless, and lose interest in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (less extreme than mania), you may feel euphoric(full of energy) or unusually irritable. These mood swings can affect sleep, judgment, behavior, and the ability to think effectively. These mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year. While most people will experience some emotional symptoms between episodes, some may not experience any of these. Depression caused by bipolar disorder lasts for at least two weeks.
Although bipolar disorder is known to be a lifelong condition, you can manage your mood swings and other symptoms by following a treatment plan. Bipolar disorder requires medical diagnosis however lab tests/imaging is not needed. In most cases, bipolar disorder is treated with medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy).
Bipolar disorder isn’t a rare/unique brain disorder. In fact, 2.8% of U.S. adults - or about 5 million people — have been diagnosed with it. The average age when people with bipolar disorder begin to show symptoms is 25 years.
While there are no clear traces of the cause behind the bipolar disorder, both environmental and genetic factors are thought to play a role. Many genes, each with small effects, may contribute to the development of the disorder. Genetic factors account for about 70–90% of the risk of developing bipolar disorder.
Environmental risk factors usually include a history of childhood abuse and long-term stress. The condition is classified as a bipolar I disorder if there has been at least one manic episode, with or without depressive episodes, and as bipolar II disorder if there has been at least one hypomanic episode (but no full manic episodes) and one major depressive episode. If the symptoms are due to drugs or medical problems, they are not diagnosed as bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder occurs in approximately 1% of the global population, the rates appear to be similar in females and males. The most common age at which symptoms begin is in the mid-20s, with an earlier onset in life associated with a worse prognosis. Around a quarter to a third of people with bipolar disorder have financial, social, or work-related problems due to the illness. Bipolar disorder is among the top 20 causes of disability worldwide and leads to substantial costs for society. Due to lifestyle choices and the side effects of medications, the risk of death from natural causes such as coronary heart disease in people with bipolar is twice that of the general population.
Taking care of oneself is all that we miss out in today’s world, bipolar or any similar disorder needs self-analysis first and then right consultation.
As they say “prevention is always better than cure”, the studies conducted by various organizations across the globe proves that happiness and being surrounded by positive vibes, is what makes life healthier and longer.
Try to be kind to the people around you, because everyone is fighting a battle you might not know about.
Long term stress, disappointment, mental pressures, discontentment are the triggers behind Bipolar Disorder in an otherwise normal human being.
Meditation, talking your heart out, being happy, regular exercising, having a healthy & proper diet schedule, and observing the mood patterns are proven to be the key factors to prevent bipolar disorder.
Not only prevention, but it also becomes extremely important to take the right consultation at the right time to heal what has been damaged over the period of time. Even, most corporates have also understood the importance of mental wellbeing and keeps a regular check on employees and engage them via various stress-relieving activities.
At Jiyyo, we are contributing every bit of our work for the society and you, with our Panelist Psychologists across India, you may seek medical consultation any time at any place in any corner of the country. You are never too late for seeking help that can cure your problems.
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